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Curriculum Overview - Year 5

In line with National guidelines, Maths and English follow a specific curriculum to help children develop key basic skills. These lessons are delivered daily and the children are in ability groups in order to target their needs more closely. Whenever possible, children are given opportunities to develop their investigative skills within these lessons.

Each year group’s curriculum is based around the IPC; this helps us develop a more creative, meaningful and inspirational curriculum. Each of the units we cover across the year will cover subject and skills linked to Geography, History, Design Technology, Art, and Science.

In addition, the children are also very lucky to be taught by specialist teachers in their PE, Music and Art lessons as well as French and Computing lessons taught by their class teacher. Their learning is further enriched through our PSHE, Rights Respecting and RE focused lessons. The children really enjoy exploring other cultures as well as health, relationships and British Values.

We know that children learn best from having exciting challenges that nurture their creative abilities and we strive to provide them with such activities. Lessons allow for the children to develop as creative thinkers, speakers, readers and writers. Pupils are taught to: listen and respond to adults and peers, ask relevant questions and articulate and justify their own ideas and opinions, speak audibly and fluently in a wide range of settings and with an ever increasing command of Standard English.

Download the Spring Year 5 curriculum map here



  • Read a wide text type including fiction, non fiction, poetry, plays and prose.
  • Read books that are structured in different ways and reading for a range of purposes.
  • Read a wider range of genre including myths, legends and traditional stories, modern fiction, fiction from our literary heritage, and books from other cultures and traditions.
  • Recommend books that they have read to their peers, giving reasons for their choices.
  • Identify and discuss themes and conventions in and across a wide range of writing.
  • Make comparisons within and across books.
  • Prepare poems and plays to read aloud and to perform by heart, showing understanding through intonation, tone and volume so that the meaning is clear to an audience.
  • Check understanding and explore the meaning of words in context using questioning.
  • Summarise the main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph, identifying key details that support the main ideas.
  • Draw inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions, and justifying inferences with evidence.
  • Make predictions about what might happen from details stated and implied.
  • Identify how language, structure and presentation contribute to meaning.
  • Discuss and evaluate how authors use language, including figurative language, considering the impact on the reader.
  • Distinguish between statements of fact and opinion.
  • Retrieve, record and present information from non-fiction.
  • Participate in discussions about books that are read to them and those they can read for themselves, building on their own and others’ ideas and challenging views courteously.
  • Explain and discuss their understanding of what they have read, including through formal presentations and debates, maintaining a focus on the topic and using notes where necessary.
  • Provide reasoned justifications for their views.



  • Use further prefixes and suffixes.
  • Spell some words with ‘silent’ letters [for example knight, psalm, solemn].
  • Continue to distinguish between homophones and other words which are often confused.
  • Explore word origins and how words are formed. To recognise words which do not follow spelling patterns and learn these.
  • Use dictionaries to check the spelling and meaning of words, e.g. use the first three or four letters of a word to check spelling, meaning or both of these in a dictionary.
  • Use a thesaurus.


Plan writing by:

  • Write in a range of genres considering the audience, purpose and form.
  • Use previous reading and research to develop initial ideas and record these using notes.
  • Develop characters and settings using techniques modelled by authors.

Draft and write by:

  • Selecting appropriate grammar and vocabulary, understanding how such choices can change and enhance meaning.
  • In narratives, show character and action through description and dialogue.
  • Using a wide range of devices to build cohesion within and across paragraphs.
  • Use a variety of layout features to structure and organise texts e.g. subheadings.

Evaluate and edit by:

  • Assessing the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing.
  • Proposing changes to vocabulary, grammar and punctuation to enhance effects and clarify meaning.
  • Ensuring the consistent and correct use of tense throughout a piece of writing.
  • Ensuring correct subject and verb agreement.
  • Proof read for spelling and punctuation errors.

Grammar and Punctuation


  • Converting nouns or adjectives into verbs using suffixes [for example, –ate; –ise; –ifyVerb prefixes [for example, dis–, de–, mis–, over– and re–]


  • Relative clauses beginning with who, which, where, when, whose, that, or an omitted relative pronoun 
  • Indicating degrees of possibility using adverbs [for example, perhaps, surely] or modal verbs [for example, might, should, will, must]


  • Devices to build cohesion within a paragraph [for example, then, after that, this, firstly]
  • Linking ideas across paragraphs using adverbials of time [for example, later], place [for example, nearby] and number [for example, secondly] or tense choices [for example, he had seen her before]


  • Using brackets, dashes or commas to indicate parenthesis.
  • Use of commas to clarify meaning or avoid ambiguity.

Terminology for pupils

  • Modal verb, relative pronoun
  • Relative clause
  • Parenthesis, bracket, dash
  • Cohesion, ambiguity



Place Value

  • Read, write, order, compare and round numbers to 1,000,000 and solve problems.
  • Understand and use negative numbers in context.
  • Read Roman numerals to 1000 (M) and recognise years written in Roman numerals.
  • Multiply and divide whole numbers and those involving decimals by 10, 100 and 1,000.


  • Add and subtract whole numbers using mental strategies and written methods.
  • Check answers to calculations.
  • Multiply numbers up to 4 digits by a one- or two-digit number using a formal written method, including long multiplication for two-digit numbers.
  • Multiply and divide numbers mentally drawing upon known facts.
  • Divide numbers up to 4 digits by a one-digit number using the formal written method of short division.
  • Solve multi-step problems in different contexts and across all four operations.

Properties of Numbers

  • Identify multiples and factors, including finding all factor pairs of a number, and common factors of two numbers.
  • Know and use the vocabulary of prime numbers, prime factors and composite (non-prime) numbers.


  • Compare and order fractions.
  • Identify, name and write equivalent fractions.
  • Recognise mixed numbers and improper fractions and convert from one form to the other.
  • Add and subtract fractions.
  • Multiply proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers.
  • Recognise the per cent symbol (%) and understand that per cent relates to ‘number of parts per hundred’.
  • Write percentages as a fraction with denominator 100, and as a decimal.
  • Solve problems that require knowing percentage and decimal equivalents.

Shape, Space and Measure


  • Convert between different units of metric measure.
  • Solve problems involving converting between units of time including timetables.
  • Understand and use approximate equivalences between metric units and common imperial units such as inches, pounds and pints.


  • Calculate and compare the area of rectangles.
  • Estimate the area of irregular shapes.
  • Measure and calculate the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes in centimetres and metres.
  • Estimate volume and capacity.


  • Know angles are measured in degrees: estimate and compare acute, obtuse and reflex angles.
  • Draw given angles, and measure them in degrees (°).
  • Know different angle rules.
  • Distinguish between regular and irregular polygons based on reasoning about equal sides and angles.
  • Use the properties of rectangles to deduce related facts and find missing lengths and angles.
  • Identify, describe and represent the position of a shape following a reflection or translation.
  • Identify 3-D shapes, including cubes and other cuboids, from 2-D representations.

Data Handling

  • Solve comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in a line graph.
  • Complete, read and interpret information in tables.


IPC Brainwave learning targets

  • About different methods of teaching and how we like to learn.
  • About some different areas of the brain.
  • How information gets into the brain.
  • How relaxation can help prepare us for learning.
  • How we can improve our memory.
  • How positive thinking can help us to succeed.
  • How we can support each other to achieve our goals.
  • How we can become more active global citizen.

Science Investigators

  • About several ways to investigate in science.
  • How to make sure our investigations are well designed and reliable.
  • Ways to: collect, record, interpret and present our findings.
  • About several materials and their properties.

Bake It

  • How live yeast grows.
  • How carbon dioxide behaves.
  • Which solids dissolve in water.
  • About water vapour and evaporation.
  • What happens when foods are heated.
  • About the properties of water.
  • About solids, liquids and gases.

Space Explorers

  • Making a pinhole viewer to record the size of the Sun and the Moon.
  • Comparing the size of the planets and their distance from the Sun.
  • Finding out about the movements of the Earth, Sun and Moon and how they affect us.
  • Classifying rocks and comparing rocks on Earth with those on the Moon.
  • Finding out about how craters are formed and the forces that are involved.
  • Making a spectronometer to find out about light and what it contains.
  • Finding out about how light travels.
  • Creating a timeline to show the life cycle of a star.
  • Finding out more about the planets in our solar system.
  • Finding out about what people in the past used to think about the Earth, Sun and Moon.
  • Finding out about Galileo and his findings about the Earth, Sun and Moon.
  • Finding out about the constellations and the stories that they tell.
  • Making a timeline to show some of the important events in the history of astronomy and space.

Roots, Shoots and Fruits

  • What plants grow in our local area.
  • How to sort and group plants.
  • What the parts of a plant are.
  • The function of roots.
  • What plants need in order to grow.
  • How flowers attract insects.
  • How plants reproduce.
  • How seeds are spread.

Year 5 IPC Here, Now, There and Then


  • The right to express our cultures equally.
  • Narratives, beliefs and their impact on life in Hinduism and Buddhism.


  • Securing basic skills using Microsoft, Word, Publisher and Powerpoint including the use of digital images and film.
  • Graphical Modelling and digital manipulation – Using Inkscape, Scratch and Scratch to create tessellations and repeating patterns.
  • What is the internet and how can we use it safely? Children will create their own web space to inform others.
  • Use programming skills to create a simple game using Scratch.


  • To continue learning a brass instrument from Year 4, adding more notes to the range they can already play and improving sound produced.
  • To read, perform and compose more complex rhythmic patterns.
  • To read and write pitch notation.
  • To play individually and in groups following musical instruction.
  • To use Kodaly to sing melodies at sight.
  • To sing and play in unison and in parts with an awareness of others.


  • Children will complete a study of their local environment and use different media such as pencil and water colours to produce their own images.
  • In a study on different artists they will create images of themselves and their surroundings in the style of cubism and abstract art.
  • Linking with religious studies, the children will explore how symbolism is used, looking at patterns and design in Hinduism and Buddhism.

Design Technology

  • Children will build an understanding of how ingredients are used in bread, designing producing and evaluating their own adapted recipe.
  • Children will produce 3D puppets using a range of materials. These puppets will be based on those used traditionally to depict religious narratives.


Pupils will consolidate existing skills and gain new ones in: athletics, football, gymnastics, dance, rugby, basketball and cricket. They will be recognising the positive impact of physical exercise on health.

  • During the football sessions, children will enhance their understanding of the game and develop their skills: dribbling, passing, tackling.
  • In gymnastics and dance pupils will create and perform their own fluent sequences on the floor and on apparatus, showing that they can vary speed, level and direction. 
  • In rugby, basketball and tennis, pupils will develop their ability to be able to work effectively with others and use skills and tactics to defend and attack.
  • In athletics, both indoors and outdoors, children will gain a better understanding of track and field events and strive to reach personal bests in Quad kids.


  • Our themes of study in year 5 are: The town; Weather and the Seasons; The planets (a cross curricular project) and Health, Exercise and Nutrition.
  • In speaking and listening: Children will recognise and produce French sound patterns; Ask for and offer opinions; Hold simple conversations with a partner; understand the meaning of spoken dialogue in the target language and begin to practice and deliver short presentations.
  • In Reading: Children will read short fiction and non-fiction texts; find the main point of a text; use a bilingual dictionary to find the translation of unfamiliar words and identify grammar rules.
  • In writing: Children will produce short pieces of writing; use and adapt modelled texts and apply their knowledge of grammatical rules.